Inside the NBA Chapel: How NBA players do “church” when they can’t go to church

This story appears in the Winter 2017 issue of Sports Spectrum Magazine. For more in-depth feature stories like this, subscribe to our quarterly magazine for only $18.

The hype leading up to the 2017 NBA Finals was unprecedented.

Never before had two teams met in three straight championship rounds. Never before had a team entered the Finals without dropping a postseason game — and the other squad had only lost once.

Golden State Warriors vs. Cleveland Cavaliers, Round 3, was set to be another intense battle featuring the NBA’s biggest stars.

An hour before the rivals took the court at Oracle Arena in Oakland for Game 1, however, some key players from both teams came together. They met in a pre-disclosed location, out of view from any fans or media. And they came together not to talk, but to listen. To learn. To think. To pray.

Members of the Cavs and Warriors met for chapel. It’s a regular routine for numerous players around the league — stretch, shoot, chapel. It didn’t matter that they were about to face off in the most-anticipated game of the season.

Says the man who led chapel that night, Warriors chaplain Earl Smith, “That’s what chapel offers you: the opportunity to take a break from getting ready to compete, after you’ve warmed up to compete, to just reflect on something that’s not about the game.”

Warriors chaplain Earl Smith with members of the team (photo courtesy of Earl Smith).

This wasn’t a new occurrence or one-time thing. The pregame NBA chapel is estimated to have been around nearly 40 years. It takes place at the same time before every contest in every arena, no matter the stakes of the game.

Players know: If they can’t go to a local church because they’re traveling or playing or usually not left alone in public, they can always go 60 minutes before a game.


Chapels — typically defined as places of worship serving an institution — certainly aren’t unique to basketball. The NFL, MLB and NHL have similar ministries. But there’s one key difference: NBA chapels are open to both teams. The other leagues host their services on a per-team basis.

“Because of the culture and rhythm of each major sports league, [each] chaplain ministry kind of takes on a different kind of flavor and involvement,” says Jerry Birch, the Cavaliers’ chaplain. “In the NBA, it’s such a bang-bang league.”

Multiple games are played each week, so chaplains — often local pastors chosen by the organization — don’t go out on the road with the team. But considering NBA squads are significantly smaller than in other sports, one chaplain teaching two teams is manageable. Even team staffers are welcome.

“I’ve been a chaplain for NCAA football, and for that you usually have the home team, the away team, and it’s just one team. And you’ve got to kind of give that rah-rah speech to get everybody hyped up,” says Ikki Soma, a Houston pastor who also serves as a Rockets chaplain. “But in the NBA, the chapels are open to both teams and anyone even associated with the teams. So that’s been the cool thing, to see people from different cultures and both teams, and coaches and trainers and even scorekeepers, all come to chapel, regardless of their age, ethnicity, socioeconomic background. The fact is, for that 15 minutes, even though in an hour they’re about to bump heads and lock elbows, we be come one under Christ.”

Designated chapel time is when the event clock strikes 60:00. There’s a countdown to tip-off displayed in locker rooms and on the clocks surrounding the court; it starts at 90 minutes. So whether a player is in the locker room dressing or relaxing, or on the court stretching or shooting, he knows how much time he has until tip-off. At exactly 60 minutes, chapel can commence.

The meeting place is typically a vacant locker room or spare dressing room. When at home, a player knows where to go. But for the visitors, locker room assistants will post signs or simply tell players where they can meet. Regular chapel-goers who have been in the league long enough know where the meeting rooms are even on the road.

The chaplains then lead a 15-minute service however they see fit. Some open with worship music, some don’t. Some preach a message for 15 minutes, some just chat with the guys. It depends on who’s in the room.

“If it’s just your team, the time may be [spent] different because you’re doing a check-in. You may be laughing and joking about something that took place that they’re telling you about. If it’s both teams together, you try to be consistent and aware of the time because the visiting players have to be in their locker room by a certain period. … You try to get finished in a time that if anyone wants to see you individually, you still have enough time to walk down to the court talking to them or maybe you sit down and pray with them separately after guys leave,” Smith says.

“When it hits 45, that’s when we have to say, ‘Amen,’” Birch says.

Most chaplains pass out “chapel notes,” an outline or handout similar to what you might receive walking into a church. Some are simply an outline, and only those hearing the accompanying message can fill it out. But many chaplains have found that this material is also easy to hand out to arena workers — ushers, support personnel, even police officers. So the handouts are a little more detailed, including scriptures and main points.

“The message is going to be the message and the people that get it in the arena that are ushers are getting the same written message that the guys in the actual chapel proper get,” Smith says. “The difference is the guys in the chapel proper actually have it explained why we’re dealing with that theme.”

For Birch, “it holds together so it’s a lesson that you can appreciate and understand as a standalone leave-behind.” He’s built a rapport with the team that allows him to place the notes on every chair in the Cavs’ locker room, opening the possibility for a player who didn’t attend chapel to receive the message or ask Birch more about it. Smith and an assistant print out more than 100 pamphlets per game and hand them out until they’re gone.

And most chaplains do have assistants. Because they’re often full-time pastors and not team employees, they’re not able to make every game. But between the lead chaplain and an assistant or two, they make sure every game is covered. Not just anyone gets to be an assistant, though.

“[One] thing about being a chaplain is that you have to know your place,” Birch says. “It’s very difficult to establish relationships with sports stars and professionals anyway; they are naturally guarded. And they should be. I’m very, very careful. I’ve had four associate chaplains over my [18-year] tenure and God sent each one of them to me; they were handpicked by God.

“Because every season I have people call me. … When LeBron came back three seasons ago, I probably got a half dozen calls from guys who said, ‘Hey, I’ve got an epiphany from God. I’m supposed to help the chapel ministry.’ I’m like, ‘And who are you again?’ My response was, ‘When God tells me, I’ll call you back.’ Because you don’t want to bring somebody in there that’s going to try to leverage a relationship into personal gain or notoriety.”

Jerry and Gail Birch (photo courtesy of Jerry Birch).

Like anyone, players yearn for genuine relationships, and often aren’t comfortable opening up to someone they don’t know. Chaplains try their best to establish trust and show they’re running a legitimate ministry. But sometimes, the best way to influence a team can be through the players who do attend chapel. If the chaplains can equip the few who attend, those guys can then go out and reach their teammates.

Among the most influential in that regard, Birch says, was Kevin Ollie, “the greatest evangelist I’ve ever seen in NBA history.” The current University of Connecticut head coach played for 12 NBA teams in 13 seasons. “If he went to Team B and in the prior season when Team B came to Cleveland, none of their players came to chapel, when Kevin Ollie was on Team B, half the team came with him,” Birch says. “When they’re on the road, they’d say, ‘Hey Kevin we’re going to go out, you want to go out?’ ‘No, you know where I’m going to be. If anybody wants to have Bible study, I’ll be in my room.’”

Ultimately, a chaplain aims to be available in any way he can for his players. Lunches, coffee, individual counseling, couples counseling, weddings, baby dedications, etc.

“My mission is to make sure — because they’re such young men — that in the environment they work in, their vocation should not dictate who they are,” Smith says. “So for me, I believe — not just me, the other team pastors of the 30 teams in the NBA — our mission and our goal is to equip these young men to represent a life of accountability, integrity and responsibility.”

And it starts with chapel — with the opponent. In his 30 years of chaplaincy, Smith says he’s never noticed any tension between the opposing teams. “You may be competitive, yet at the same time you have a commonality, and that commonality is your need to have a place for your faith,” he says.

Of course, not all NBA Christians attend chapel. It may not fit into their pregame routine, or they’d rather relax and reflect on their own. But for many others, it’s as much a part of their game night as warming up. If they forget, or their stretching and shooting goes long, they’ll sprint off the court to make it in time. Birch sees young men “running to church” almost every game.

“They’re coming because they desperately know they need things that money can’t buy,” he says. “Because they can buy anything they want, but they need wisdom. They need perspective. They need hope. They need strength. They need the truth. They need encouragement.

“They want to draw closer to God because they know that’s more important than the 20,000 people who paid hundreds of dollars to watch them perform.

“This is more important than that.”

This story appears in the Winter 2017 issue of Sports Spectrum Magazine. For more in-depth feature stories like this, subscribe to our quarterly magazine for only $18.

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